History of Lugton
The name Lugton as applied to a place is believed to have derived linguistically from Celtic and Old English. The word Lugton means "the place on the river Lugg" and the word lugg means "bright". Thus Lugton is the place on the bright river.
The family name of Lugton is considered to have derived from the lands of Lugton, an old barony in Midlothian, south east of Edinburgh in Scotland. The early history is sketchy.
The earliest references to people called Lugton come from Dunfermline and the Kingdom of Fife just north of Edinburgh. Thomas Logtoun is known to have been in Dunfermline in 1562, William Logtoun, a tenant in East Barns, Fife, is mentioned in a Dunfermline charter of 1632 and H. Lugtoun of the Committee of the Army signed a letter in the General Assembly at Cupar, Fife in April 1651. There are a few records of Lugton births, deaths and marriages in the area of Dunfermline and Fife in the 17th century.
From Fife the Lugtons apparently moved the short distance south to Edinburgh, the Lothians and Berwickshire.
They were originally mainly farm labourers and then moved into the business of being blacksmiths. In the 19th century, agriculture and the economy were very dependent on horses and there was a lot of call for blacksmiths. At one stage it was claimed that almost every blacksmith in Berwickshire seemed to be a Lugton.
Even at the beginning of the 21st century, more than half of the Lugtons in the United Kingdom live in the Edinburgh and Lothians area.
In the second half of the 19th century, Lugtons moved further south into the north of England – there are still enclaves around Newcastle / South Shields and around Doncaster / Barnsley – and subsequently further south – there are now a fair number of Lugtons in the south east of England.
The earliest known movement away from the United Kingdom is Simon Lugton, who having fought for Charles Edward Stewart "Bonnie Prince Charlie" was deported from Liverpool in 1747 probably to Canada.
Around 1825, James Lugton went to Ireland in the employ of the Earl of Haddington who had been appointed the representative of the Crown in Ireland. He took his wife, Christian Lowrie, and their four youngest children. It seems that all Lugtons in Ireland at any time since have been descendants of James and Christian, or those who have married into the family.
Around 1852, Alexander Joseph Lugton and his brother George Lugton sailed for Australia. They settled in Melbourne and established the Australian branch of the Lugtons. Between them, these two brothers had 63 grandchildren. A century and a half later, there are probably more Lugtons and Lugton descendants in Australia than in the rest of the world put together.
There are a few Lugtons in North America, whose ancestors travelled from the United Kingdom or from Australia, and the Australian group has a few representatives in New Zealand.
There has apparently been very little movement to other parts of the world.